Author: Donnie Duchin Duya, SDB

Fr. Donnie is a Salesian of Don Bosco from the Philippines. He is currently the Spiritual Moderator of Don Bosco Technical Institute--Makati. He writes essays and tinkers with his plants on his free time.

San Lorenzo: Martir, Diyakono

lawrenceGinagawa natin ang lahat ng bagay para mabuhay tayo. Hindi para mamatay tayo.

Pero ang sinasabi ng Panginoon sa atin sa pamamagitan ng Ebanghelyo natin ngayon, kailangan nating mamatay para tayo’y mabuhay.

Ang trahedya para sa atin, sa mata ng Diyos ay isang tagumpay.

Ito ang piniling kapalaran ng santong ginugunita natin ngayon–si San Lorenzo, diyakono at martir.

Isa siyang diyakonong katulong ni Papa Sixto noong ika-3 siglo. Noong panahong iyon, kapag ikaw ay isang Kristiyano, mayroon ka nang death sentence.

‘Yun nga ang kinahinatnan ni Papa Sixto kasama ng iba pang mga diyakonong kasama ni San Lorenzo. Pero dahil siya ang tagapag-ingat yaman ng Simbahan, binigyan siya ng pagkakataong mabuhay kung ibibigay niya sa Imperyong Romano ang kayamanan ng simbahan.

Binigyan siya ng tatlong araw upang ipunin ang ari-arian ng Simbahan.

Nang dumating ang takdang araw, pumunta siya sa pinuno ng mga kawal. Kasama niya ang napakaraming mahihirap, gayundin yung mga maysakit.

Sabay sabi niya: “Narito na ang kayamanan ng Simbahan.”

Tila naisahan ang pinuno ng hukbo. Bad trip siya. Kaya naman binigyan niya ng ispesyal na parusa si Lorenzo–nilitson siya ng buhay!

Siguro, wala naman siyang kagat kagat na mansanan. Kaya naman nakapagsalita pa siya, “Luto na yung kanan ko. Yung kaliwa ko naman.”

Ang trahedya para sa atin, sa mata ng Diyos ay isang tagumpay.

Sa unang pagbasa, pina-alalahanan tayo ni Pablo na dakila sa mata ng Diyos ang mga mapagbigay. Pero ang bawat totoong pagbibigay ay may sakit na kaakibat. Doon mo lng masasabi na nagbigay ka talaga.

Ang pag-aalay ni Lorenzo ng buhay ay sinuklian ng buhay na hindi lamang pansamantala, pero isang buhay na walang hanggan kasama ng Ama.

Heaven be like …

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Heaven? By Adriano Ortiz

They say that things come in threes.

Since two Sundays ago, we have been treated by our liturgy to Jesus’ parables in our Gospel readings.

Last Sunday, we heard the parable of the weeds, which accounts for the existence of evil in our lives.

Two Sundays ago, we heard the parable of the sower, which reminds us how God is like that of the sower who propagates the seeds anywhere and everywhere, which points us to how generous, careless, and abundant God is, in scattering His love.

And because things come in threes, we hear today three parables which make us see the Kingdom of God from various perspectives.

  1. Treasure hidden in a field
  2. A trader who finds a pearl
  3. Big fishing net laid down into the sea

These parables do not just present realities that point to the Kingdom of God. More importantly, these parables speak about the appropriate attitude on how to approach Heaven.

The first attitude toward Heaven is to set right our priorities. The man who finds the hidden treasure and the pearl know their priorities. And so, when they had found what they were looking for, they decided to give up all their belongings so that they could finally possess the treasure and the pearl.

This is also true for the young King Solomon in our first reading. When God asked him what he wanted to receive from God, he did not ask for a long life, nor for wealth, nor for military power so that he could over power his enemies.

Instead, what he asked was the capacity to choose between good and evil so that he could better govern his people. So that he could better serve as a king. He knew that when he has God in his life, he could never go wrong.

Ganito rin ba tayo? Inaanyayahan din ba natin ang Diyos na maging bahagi ng pag-gawa ng mahahalagang desisyon sa buhay? Kasama ba natin ang Diyos sa araw-araw nating pamumuhay?

The second attitude toward Heaven is the capacity to give up, to sacrifice.

Sacrifice has an interesting etymology. It comes from two Latin words “sacrum” and “facere.”  The former means holy, while the latter means to make. Hence, when you offer a sacrifice, you make that sacrifice sacred, you make it holy.

In the second reading, St. Paul reminds us how our God is not alien to sacrifices. He had a beautiful blueprint for us. But because sin destroyed this plan, He needed to sacrifice not just someone, but His very own Son for our sake.

Tayo, para ma-prove natin na mahal natin ang isang tao, pipili tayo ng isang regaling kaya ng budget natin. Pero ang Diyos, para ipamukha sa ating mahal Niya tayo, hindi Siya pumili ng isang bagay. Ipinagkaloob Niya ang nag-iisa Niyang Anak upang patunayang mahal na mahal Niya tayo!

This attitude of giving up comes when one knows his priority because we only offer sacrifice for something greater.

This is what we saw in the story of that man who found the treasure. This is what we heard in the story of the merchant who found the pearl of great price. Both of them had to give up something so that they could finally commit themselves to that which is greater than what they possess at the moment.

We also give up something for a greater cause.

I forego going out on a Friday night so that I could concentrate on my studies. I let go of my plans of buying the latest phone so that I could save up for a dream house. I set aside some savings so that I could add them up for the education of my children.

If God is on top of our priorities, we also give up something—or someone—so that we could possess God.

Is there a vice, or a thing, or a person that distance us from God at the moment? Can we commit to sacrifice them, to give them up, so that we could possess God?

The third attitude toward Heaven is inclusiveness. God is non-discriminatory.

Ang pag-ibig ng Diyos ay isang lambat na sumisilo sa lahat ng klase ng isda sa karagatan. Wala Siyang pinipili. Wala Siyang itinatangi. Lahat ay inaanyayahan Niyang samahan Siya upang makapiling Siya habang buhay.

We are also asked to have this attitude toward those individuals who test our patience, who challenge our charity.

Because Heaven is non-discriminatory, I will also choose to love no matter what.

If Jesus told stories to make us conscious of the reality of heaven, He also used the life story of the late Br. Elmer Rodriguez to indicate how our life on earth is already an indication of heaven that-is-still-to-come.

He helped to send thousands of young people to school. In many times, he would even have to shoulder their lodging.

Yesterday, we laid Br. Elmer to rest. That’s one of the most beautiful funeral rites I have witnessed. Not just because it was the most attended of all the burial rites in our cemetery in Canlubang, but because it became a fitting tribute to someone who was a firm believer that there is heaven.

His belief in God led him to offer his life as a Salesian, and in the process, became an instrument so that countless young people could also have a foretaste of it.

As we continue the celebration of the Eucharist, let us beg the Lord to help us set our priorities, make us give up, and grant us a big heart so that we may allow heaven to reign in our lives.

 

On St. James, Apostle

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Ipinagdiriwang natin ngayon ang kapistahan ni St. James.

May ilang mga bagay tayong alam sa kanya dahil mababasa natin ang mga ito sa Bibliya.

Kapatid siya ni St. John na isa ring apostle. At tulad ni St. Peter, isa rin siyang mangingisda. 

Lagi siyang kasama sa mahahalagang pangyayari sa buhay ni Jesus—tulad ng Transfiguration at Agony in the Garden.  Kaya nga masasabing sa 12 apostles, isa siya sa tatlong BFF ni Jesus.

Sa Gospel ngayong araw, narinig natin ang tanong ni Jesus sa magkapatid na si Sts. James at John kung kaya ba nilang inumin ang basong iinuman ng Panginoon. 

Madalas, hindi tayo umiinom sa isang basong gamit na.

Ako, kung kailangang kailangang maki-inom sa baso ng may baso, sisiguruduhin kong hindi lang dapat kilala ko ang uminom dito, pero dapat, kahit papaano, ka-close ko ang taong gumamit nito.

Ito ang kahulugan ng pagsasabi ni James at ni John na kaya nilang tumagay sa mismong basong iinuman ng Panginoon. 

We celebrate today the life of the apostle James—and except for Judas—all the apostles are given much importance by the Church. The Mass that we are celebrating today is not just a mere commemoration, but a feast. Hence, we had the Gloria earlier.

You see, the apostles are not simply holy men, they walked side-by-side with our Lord Jesus. They witnessed to His life and teachings. They were His collaborators, and as such, we consider them pillars of our Church.

Let me highlight three qualities of James as an apostle: Prayerful, Courageous and Humble.

Prayerful

James’ first quality is his being prayerful.

When we speak of the prayerfulness of James, we do not merely speak of his strategy, or his skill, or his technique in praying. Ang pagdarasal kasi ay tumutukoy sa relasyong mayroon tayo sa Panginoon. At makikita natin kung gaano siya katinding magdasal sa pamamagitan ng pagtitiwala niya sa Diyos.

In the first reading, we heard from the second letter of St. Paul to the Corinthians a long list of difficulties which someone who belongs to Christ needs to undergo: trials, questions, and persecution.

James survived all of these. Not because of his own capacity, but because God provides.

By this time, you must have heard of the passing on of Br. Elmer Rodriguez. He’s that Salesian who was quiet, but had always that warm ready smile.

I remember that Br. Elmer also exhibited this trust in the Divine Providence. For almost 20 years, he took care of admitting poor young people to Don Bosco schools where he would be assigned. And because they were poor, he also would have to take care of looking for a roof over their heads.

Yesterday, a lay mission partner proved this to me, as he confirmed that Br. Elmer would sometimes borrow money from him so that he could support his poor scholars.

No wonder, many Salesians would hear Br. Elmer constantly repeating his favorite expression: God Provides.

If you pass by Bosco Hall, you will see his coffin. And you will realize that never for a moment it is alone. There are always people inside the Bosco Hall to see him off. In fact, countless people have been flocking there since the early morning of Saturday in order to see him for the last time.

Hindi natin masusukat kung paano natulungan ng Diyos ang hindi na natin mabilang na mga kabataan at ang kani-kanilang mga pamilya dahil nabigyan sila ng oportunidad na makapag-aral sa Don Bosco at makapaghanap-buhay ng marangal. At ito’y dahil sa isang simpleng Salesian brother na hindi mangiming magtiwala sa kabaitan ng Diyos.

When we speak of prayerfulness, we speak of trust. That’s the genuine way to pray. That’s how James—and Br. Elmer—showed their trust in Jesus.

Courageous

The second quality of James is courage.

Because James prayed fervently, he was ready to gulp down whatever was inside the cup of Jesus. His willingness to drink the cup which Jesus drank from was not just a mere issue of hygiene, trust or closeness.  It meant something else. It meant that he was ready to share in the destiny of Jesus.

And his courage to drink the same cup was such a real expression of his willingness to be with Jesus no matter what. He didn’t know what’s inside the cup. But when Christ had asked him if he could drink from the same cup he would drink from, he didn’t think twice. He immediately said yes. And when his Master Jesus was crucified, he must have an inkling that he would suffer the same fate.

Last year, I know of one of our teachers who braved the traffic and the distance just to drive to Don Bosco Batulao to visit his students who were having their retreat even if he was not given such a task. As the Christian Living teacher of the whole grade 10, he must have felt that he had to do it.

And as he drove to Batulao, he would tag along the respective advisers of the students. He covered all seven sections of them.

Last month, some of our lay mission partners were recognized for their perfect attendance. After the assembly, I asked him why he did not get the award. He reminded me, that at some point, he had to leave Makati for Batulao so that he could catch his students, effectively disqualifying himself from being considered for the award.

If James is dauntless in the face of death, Sir Alfie Rogel is courageous enough to spend some more on gas and toll, sacrifice the time which he could have devoted to his family and work and forego the possibility of receiving any recognition and cash reward given to our lay mission partners who register perfect attendance—solely for the reason to be with his students.

Humble

 The last quality of James is humility.

James showed us how the Kingdom of Heaven is far different from our world. That it is not given to the powerful, rich or those who are in control, but to a lowly fisherman who would be willing to humble himself, follow the instructions of the Lord, and serve others.

With his readiness to drink the chalice of Jesus, James gave his yes to the Lord whatever might come, as long as he was in His company.
But in the crucifixion scene, we learnt that out of the 12 apostles, only one stayed with Jesus at the cross—John! James also fled along with the rest. Hence, he failed.

However, James showed his love for Jesus by offering his life for Him. In the Acts of the Apostles, we read the account of His death, making him the first apostle who offered his life on account of his being a follower of Christ.

Ang pagpapakumbaba ay ang pagkilala na sa harap ng Diyos, ang talino natin, ang ating kakayahan—maging ang ating buhay—ay galing sa Kanya. At magkakaroon ito ng higit na kahulugan kung ipagkakaloob natin sa Kanya.

The apostles were imperfect men. Matthew was a public sinner. Thomas doubted that Jesus really was alive. Peter, the head of the apostles, denied Jesus three times. But because they were humble enough to recognize this, Jesus made wonders in their lives.

Today, we celebrate the feast of James. He is an apostle. An apostle is someone who is sent. As me reflect on these qualities, we also remember that we, too, are sent.

We are sent to live the Gospel, to embody Christ, to become a witness to the Kingdom that is to come.

Perhaps, Jesus is not asking us to follow the footsteps of James to offer our lives for His sake.

Perhaps, Jesus is asking us to just spend some more time in being with Him in prayer.

Perhaps, Jesus is asking us to just stand by Him, by choosing the right thing, even if it is not the easiest.

Perhaps, Jesus is asking us just to be humble in forgiving those individuals who have caused us so much pain.

The greatest form of devotion is by imitation.

Let us be like this apostle in his prayerfulness, in his courage, and in his humility.

Let us ask Jesus for such grace.

Bagong Buhay kay Kristo!

Here’s the text of the reflection I shared with our Lay Mission Partners  in our penitential service earlier.

We have begun last Sunday the holiest of the liturgical season, the Holy Week.

Ang Holy Week sa Spanish ay ‘Semana Santa’ … Ang tawag naman natin sa Tagalog dito ay mga Mahal na Araw. Ano kaya ang masasabi ng mga Filipino teachers? Parang hindi ‘ata swak ang pagsasalin … Hindi ba’t dapat ay ‘banal na mga araw’ ang salin sa ‘holy week?’

Pero marahil, kaya ‘mahal na araw’ ang tawag natin dito ay dahil ‘mahal.’

Sa mga araw na ito naganap ang pagbabayad para sa ating kaligtasan dahil sa ating mga kasalanan.

At ang kabayaran, ay ang mismong buhay ng Anak ng Diyos. Mahal ang mga araw na ito dahil sa ‘pagmamahal ng Diyos.’ Sa mga araw na ito, inaanyayahan tayong minsan pa, saksihang muli ang rurok ng pagmamahal na ito ng Panginoon.

During the first ever general audience of Pope Francis in 2013, he asked these questions:

“What does it mean for us to live the Holy Week? What does it mean to follow Jesus on His way to the Cross on Calvary and the Resurrection?” 

For him, to celebrate the Holy Week means increasingly to enter into God’s logic, which is the logic of the Cross. This is not first of all relates to pain and death, but of love and of self-giving that brings life.

Tapang

Narinig natin ang tagpo ng pagdurusa ni Hesus sa halamanan. Narinig natin kung paanong si Hesus mismo ay dumanas ng pagkatakot na mamatay.

Sino ba dito ang hindi natatakot mamatay? O ‘di ba, lahat tayo ay may takot sa kamatayan. Kung kaya, nang manalangin si Hesus sa halamanan, wika Niya, Ama kung maari, alisin mo na ang kalis na ito. Huwag mo nang ibigay sa akin.

Ipinakikita ni Hesus na hindi Siya naiiba sa atin. Niyakap Niya ang buong pagkatao natin. Niyakap Niya ang Takot … Pangamba …  Tukso … Pati nga kamatayan.

Ngunit, hindi dito natapos ang panalangin ni Hesus. Dugtong pa Niya, “Ngunit, Ama, hindi ang kalooban ko ang siya nawang masunod, kung hindi ang sa Iyo.”

Ito ang tunay na katapangan: Ang kusang loob na pagpapasakop sa kalooban ng Diyos.

Ang tunay na matapang na tao ay kilala ang sarili niya. Hindi siya ang Diyos.

Paghihirap

Meron kaming kapitbahay na masama ang ugali. Nang kumalat ang balitang nagkasakit siya ng cancer, iisa ang reaksyon ng mga tao, “Pinaparusahan siya ng Diyos.”

Ngunit ang sakit ba, ang kahulugan ba ng paghihirap ay bunga ng parusa ng Diyos?

Kung totoo iyon, siguro, lahat tayo ay tatamaan ng cancer.

Ngunit ito lang ba ang kahulugan ng paghihirap? Isang pasakit? Isang pagdurusa? Isang parusa?

Sa pamamagitan ng pagpapakasakit ni Hesus sa krus, binasag niya ang maling konsepto natin ng paghihirap. Ipinakita Niya sa atin na ang pagpapakasakit ang siyang tanda
ng tunay na pag-ibig.

Marami sa atin, para makapasok dito sa Don Bosco, sinasagupa ang tagal at hirap ng paghihintay at pagpila ng masasakyan. Dagdag pa dito ang napakahabang traffic.

Bilang mga guro, hindi lingid sa atin kung gaano kahirap ang pagbuo ng lesson plan, ang pagpupuyat sa gabi para mag check ng requirements at mag compute ng grades.  Ang haba ng pasensiyang kakailanganin para sa pagtuturo.

Ang lahat ng pasakit na ito ba ay isang parusa lang? O may mas higit na malalim na kahulugan ang paghihirap nating ito?

Sinong tao ang gustong maghirap? Wala. Pero ginagawa natin ang lahat ng ito para sa isang mas malalim na layunin: Pag-ibig. Para sa pamilya. Para sa mga kabataan. Para sa bayan at Simbahan.

Ang pagpapakasakit ang tanda ng tunay na pag-ibig. At pag-ibig ang tunay na kahulugan ng makabuluhang pagpapakasakit.

Pagsunod kay Hesus

Matapos nating makita ang katapangan at pagsunod ni Hesus, pagnilayan naman natin ang nararapat nating tugon sa halimbawa Niya.

Mamaya, sa pagdulog natin sa sakramento ng kumpisal, ipapamalas natin ito sa pamamagitan ng pagpapakita ng tapang na harapin ang ating mga kamalian.

Hindi madali ang prosesong ito dahil may kasamang sakit. Ito’y karanasan ng isang pagpapakasakit, at kamatayan sa sarili.

Ang proseso ng pag-amin sa ating kahinaan sa harap ng Diyos at maging sa harap ng tao ay masakit. Nangangagat kasi ang katotohanan.

Kung kaya, kailangan ng tapang at ng kahandaang magdusa. Pero bakit nga ba tayo dudulog sa sakramentong ito? Dahil ba takot tayo sa apoy ng impiyerno? O kaya naman ay para makapila tayo sa komunyon mamaya? O dahil sa pag-ibig?

Let us search within our hearts.

If it is love, I can assure you that it will bear fruit. For love is the reason why Jesus courageously confronted suffering and faced death. And He gives us the assurance that all those who are willing to suffer courageously for love will achieve the glory of the resurrection.

In these last days of our preparation for Easter, let us journey with Jesus, not only in His suffering and death, but follow Him in His resurrection.

Naroroon ang pangako ni Hesus na sinumang aakapin ang paghihirap ay dadalhin Niya sa paraiso.

Ang kumpisal ay hindi lamang karanasan ng paghihirap at kamatayan, ngunit ito rin ang unang hakbang patungo sa muling pagkabuhay … at bagong buhay kay Kristo.

‘Halika’t Tingnan mo’

Narinig natin sa Mabuting Balitang (Juan 1:43-51) pagkatapos na pagkatapos na tawagin si Felipe ng ating Panginoon upang himukin siyang sumunod sa Kanyang mga yapak, kaagad niya itong ibinalita sa kaibigan niyang si Nataniel.

Pero tila hindi ata madaling ma impress si Nataniel.

Hindi siya bilib na mayroong mabuting bagay na nagmumula sa bayang pinanggalingan ng ating Panginoon—lalong higit, kung ang tagapagligtas na kanilang hinihintay ay dito magmumula. Hindi naman kasi kilala ang Nazareth. Hindi man lang ito nabanggit kahit na isang beses sa Lumang Tipan. Hindi rin ito kilala ng kahit na sinong eksperto sa sinaunang kasaysayan.

Pero si Felipe, hindi na nagpatuloy sa pangungumbinsi sa kaibigan. Sa halip, ang sabi nito “Halika’t tingnan mo.”

Marahil, napilitan lang sumama si Nataniel dahil sa pagkakaibigan nila ni Felipe.

At ito marahil ang nais iwan sa atin ng Mabuting Balita bilang isang mahalagang aralin para sa ating nagsusumikap na umakay sa mga kaibigan natin patungo kay Kristo: Let us not win them by arguments. Let us convince them by our example that will enable them to see Jesus.

Ito rin ang diwa ng Unang Pagbasa (1 Juan 3:11-21). Ang liham sa atin ni San Juan ay humahamon sa ating mag-ibigan, hindi lamang sa pagsasabi ng “mahal kita” ng ating mga labi, ngunit higit pa dito, dapat ay ipinapahayag ito ng ating pag-gawa.

Kung isinasabuhay mo ang iyong pagiging Kristiyano, nagpupumilit kang magmahal, hindi lamang sa pamamagitan ng dila, kung hindi, sa pamamagitan din ng iyong pag-gawa.

At kung ganito ang iyong naging gawi, hindi mo na kailangan pang makipagtalo pa sa mga kaibigan mong hindi naniniwala sa Diyos.

Hindi nila kailangang mapakinggan sa iyong mga labi na pinananampalatayaan mo ang Diyos. Pero kailangan nila itong makita sa buhay mo.

At kung magkakaganito, sila na mismo ang mag tatanong kung anong mayroon sa iyo na wala sila. At sa ganitong paraan, katulad ni Felipe, maaari mo ring sabihin sa kanila, “Halika’t tingnan mo.”

 

St. Martin of Tours

Ginugunita natin sa liturhiyang ito si St. Martin of Tours.

Ang pinaka-kilalang kuwento tungkol
sa kanya ay nang ibinigay niya ang kalahati ng kanyang balabal sa isang pulubi,
nagulat siya sapagkat kinagabihan,
sa kanyang panaginip, nakita niyang
suot-suot ng ating Panginoon ang mismong balabal na pinagkaloob niya sa pulubi.

Sinasalamin ng mga pagbasa natin
sa araw na ito ang kadakilaan
ng kanyang pag-ibig sa kapwa
tulad ng sinasaad ng liham ni San Juan
sa ating Unang Pagbasa. Pag-ibig ang naging tanging gabay niya sa kanyang buhay.

Makikita rin natin sa Ebanghelyo
ang karunungang naghatid sa kanya
sa landas ng kabanalan: Kung sinuman
ang magpipilit iligtas ang kanyang buhay
ay siyang mawawalan nito.

Ngunit kung sino man ang magbibigay ng kanyang buhay ay siyang magkakaroon ng isang buhay na ganap.

Tunay nga!

Iniwan ni San Martin ang mundo nating mahirap pa sa daga. Wala siyang kapera pera nang siya’y sumakabilang buhay, ngunit napakayaman naman niya
nang siya’y pumasok sa kaharian ng Ama.

Sa Misang ito, pasalamatan natin ang Ama sa pagbibigay ng mga halimbawang
katulad ni San Martin.

Hingin natin ang tulong at panalangin
ng santong ito upang patuloy na makatugon
sa panawagan ng Ama
na mas maging mapagbigay pa sa iba,
mas makapagpatawad pa,
mas maging mapagmahal pa.

Don Bosco’s Recommendations on Vacation

The following are culled from St. John Bosco’s Biographical Memoirs  (pp. 335 -345 of  Volume XIII ).

I don’t recall anyone returning from home to tell me he had behaved better at home than the Oratory, nor do I recall anyone telling me that his vacation had brought him spiritual advantage. On the contrary, every year, I have often had to deplore many falls from grace.

These will make for a true vacation, and, more importantly, a sinless vacation.

  • As soon as you get home, greet your parents, hug them and give them my most heartfelt regards. Respect and obey your parents; do all you can to make them happy.
  • Then, visit your parish priest, give him my regards. Ask him if there is anything you can do around the church while on vacation.
  • The word vacation, from the Latin verb vacare means “to be busy, to be occupied.” You may not be occupied with school, but you should continue to be occupied with work, study or prayer.
  • Keep yourselves always busy and live in God’s presence. Don’t waste your time at home, and, whatever you may do, always remember that Our Lord sees you.
  • While home with your family, help your dad and mom, give them some help: clean the house, set the table, maintain your garden… keep yourself forever busy!
  • Play games with your family: cards, chess, any game you find relaxing.
  • Sleep also a little longer but avoid the “noonday devil” (Ps 90, 6).
  • Be moderate in eating, don’t overeat.
  • As long as there are books to read, read!
  • Read to learn, not just for pleasure. Read useful books.
  • Endeavor to live as good Christians, as you do here at the Oratory:
    o Serve Holy Mass every morning. If you can’t, attend Mass devoutly.
    o To receive Jesus in better disposition, spend some time in meditation.
  • Avoid bad books and bad companions.
  • Avoid laziness.
  • Avoid idleness.